Sclerotherapy is recognised as the gold standard method of treating spider and reticular veins. It has been used for decades and is recognised as a safe and effective procedure.
However, like all treatments it may not work for all patients and does have potential side-effects.
Sclerotherapy works by injecting a chemical agent into the vein that seals the vein and helps to redirect the blood to the right direction.
A fine needle is used for the injection and causes minimal discomfort. Some people describe it as a slight burning sensation.
Each vein might require several injections given several weeks in between.
As the sealed vein does not carry blood anymore, it is re-absorbed by the body. The whole process can take up to 6 months depending on the size and extent of the spider veins.
It is simple procedure, with no downtime and minimal discomfort that can be performed as an outpatient.
Sclerotherapy works by causing the vein to close redirecting the blood to healthier veins. The collapsed vein is then reabsorbed and disappears.
Sclerotherapy has been around for more than 100 years.
The solution injected is called a sclerosant, which acts on the inner surface of the vein to trigger a reaction that collapses the vein.
In the past, some doctors used hypertonic saline which will act by dehydrating the vein.
Nowadays, the main sclerosants are Sodium Tetradecyl Sulphate (STS) and Polidocanol.
At a certain concentration they clump into spheres dispersing the normal architecture of the inside of the vein. This leads the vein to harden and eventually disappear
Spider veins can disappear on their own if they appeared after pregnancy or taking some medications. Although, most of the time they don’t go away on their own.
They are signs of disrupted blood flow and the cause of it can be deeper than what you think.
It can result from a permanent damage of the valves which prevents the blood to backflow.
Keep in mind that despite being unattractive, spider veins are not harmful.
You can try to live with them or cover them up.
If you notice your veins getting worse, you could have them examined by your GP or a Phlebolgist( vein doctor).
A personalised treatment can reduce their appearance and bring a good cosmetic outcome, improving quality of life and self awareness.
Vascular laser can be a good solution for tiny spider veins quickly, safely and effectively.
The vascular laser releases pulses of light energy causing the blood within the vein to coagulate and disappear.
It can remove unsightly spider veins from any part of the body.
A through assessment of the venous system in the legs is important for planning effective treatments and finding the source of the problem.
The most effective treatment is a thorough medical assessment with your phlebologist (vein doctor).
Endovenous ablation is the preferred treatment for larger varicose veins. Endovenous ablation works by inserting a fibre into the large vein and heating the tip of the fibre. The vein is closed by heat, providing long lasting results.
Endovenous ablation became an excellent alternative to vein stripping.
Dr Gilles Laur will need to fully understand the extent of your condition which will encompass a complete medical history check, followed :
The treatment plan is typically drafted with these goals in mind:
If your legs start to swell for no apparent reason, especially with unexplained leg pain, difficulty breathing, or chest pain, you need to seek medical care attention.
Swelling or edema is caused by too much fluid trapped in the body’s tissues. It can presents everywhere, but more commonly in the legs.
To decrease swollen legs you can :
Swollen leg can resolve spontaneously when lying flat.
Sadly, Leg swelling is merely the tip of the iceberg.
Swollen leg can be a result of:
It is expected to see a reduction to a disappearance of the swelling by addressing the cause of the swelling
Leg ulcers affect 1% of the Australian population and are mainly caused by poor circulation.
The type of medical treatment and intervention depends on whether the wound is caused by problems with the veins, with the arteries or metabolic issues such as diabetes.
The main risk factors are high cholesterol, high blood pressure, smoking, badly managed diabetes, varicose vein and age.
The most common cause is poor circulation from the veins preventing the blood to go back to the heart.
Most venous leg ulcers heal within 3 to 4 months if they’re treated properly in association with compression stockings.
Although, some ulcers may take longer to heal, and a very small number never heal.
They are several ways to prevent ulcers:
Corticosteroids, cream are generally effective in reducing the inflammation and itching of leg pigmentation.
Sadly, it can only be used for a short period of time of 1-2 weeks.
The main treatment for patients with venous eczema is to moisturise daily with skin care products such as Vaseline, Sorbolene, or Cerave cream.
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